The Science Behind Health and Wellness

Naturally, when one becomes ill, we imagine they’ve been diagnosed with the illness by a medical practitioner based on the biological causes of the illness. Of course, the physician then treats the patient accordingly with a follow-up to ensure the patient is better.

Sociological Health and Wellness

According to a sociological health and illness perspective, this is where it is different. Sociologists analyze the rates of illnesses as a result of social backgrounds. This means social class, race, gender, and ethnicity are taken into account.


Understanding the importance of health is influenced by society and its cultures. The level of economic and government development in providing healthcare services is dependant on a society. Poor cultures in society receive poor health care and the same is said for richer cultures of society.

The Sociologists Theories

There are three theories which sociologists believe in; functional, conflict, and interactionist.


Fantastic health and adequate medicinal care play a large role in society’s functioning. However, poor health and medicinal care make for a very dysfunctional society.

Every single person in society has a role to play. For example, medical practitioners are trained to diagnose and treat patients accordingly. This includes following up in their treatment to ensure their recovery from any illness initially diagnosed.


This theory refers to the inequality of quality healthcare services. Once again, it falls down to the disadvantaged social backgrounds of class, race, gender, and ethnicity. Naturally, this causes conflict between people and medical professionals who are only in the business to make money other than seeing to the optimal care of an ill patient.


This is an approach which sums up societal stigma. Society only acknowledges disease and illness which they deem as normal and curable. Anything which cannot be cured, only medicinally managed, is considered to be a taboo subject. In other words, people with incurable diseases and illnesses are discriminated against by other members of society.

Sociologists do not base their results solely on social backgrounds. However, they continue to prove time and time again that social backgrounds play a pivotal role in the matter concerned.

A Basic Human Right to Better Health Care

As the World Health Care Organization would define health, the overall well-being of human beings is not primarily based on a lack of disease or illness. There are psychological and social elements to consider too.

In Sickness, Disease, and Illness

Three words which are used to describe different phases of health – illness, disease, and sickness.


This refers to a person’s emotional well-being when dealing with an illness.


A disease is determined by a doctor’s diagnosis of the disease caused by objective and biological factors.


This is society’s understanding of a disease relating to a sickness. This kind of understanding has often lead to stigmatization.

Just after Albert Einstein’s discovery of quantum physics, causes of diseases were discovered. Shortly after, medicines to treat these diseases were developed and created.

Health and Nutrition

We are aware of the prevalence of genetically modified foods today. It’s a bigger concern as to the adverse effects these products have on human health. These are not naturally made products at all.

For example, genetically modified cereals. These days cereals are made with hyper-fertilized wheat which increases the gluten content in the product. Gluten is a lipoprotein found in wheat flour. Today, there is three times more gluten in cereals compared to decades earlier.

What has this resulted in? More people are gluten intolerant as well as those that suffer from celiac disease. This disease has symptoms such as diarrhea and bloating resulting in severe digestion problems. There are several other illnesses and diseases as a result of genetically modified foods.

The Future of the Health System

A large part of a country’s gross domestic product is attributed to healthcare expenditure on acute and chronic diseases. Pharmaceutical companies spend millions on research and innovation but more so on marketing instead.

In order for our future health care system to remain sustainable, further preventative policies need to be implemented. Society must play its part in influencing cultures worldwide. People need to understand the significance of good overall health. This is what we need to change in order to move forward.

Society – Health and Happiness for a Stronger Economy

Health in society is the number one global driving force which aids in keeping our economies afloat. Having productive economic growth requires us to invest in societal health. There are various factors which influence the health system.

These include social environments such as friends and family, social surroundings like the workplace and schools, religious institutions and political systems. We need workplace health and a greener environment for better health.

These factors are based on sociological and social psychological perspectives. Lone behavioral choices result in health consequences. One of the major factors influencing the 21st-century economic growth is health, wealth, and education. This amalgamates into the overall well-being of societies.

Health Domains

There are four health domains which make up the health system in society. Personal health, public health, medical health, and the health market.

These domains need to be increased by means of changed behaviors, government measures, medical mediation, and health products and services.

Health Products and Services

These products and services come from health tourism, the fitness market, plastic surgery practices, pharmaceutical companies, alternative therapies, and the health food and vitamins market. All of these produce economic potential and global competition.

Government Measures

Measures taken by all governments today is implementing health policies and providing educational health resources made available to the public. These resources can be made public using social media platforms and e-books to name a few.

Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion

The First International Conference on Health Promotion orchestrated by the World Health Organization in Ottawa, Canada in 1986 made an agreement to promote health worldwide.

The devised strategies from this agreement for health promotion according to advocating, enabling, and mediating. Advocacy for changes to the societal health sector. Quality of life for everyone by means of health equity. Mediation between social and economic sectors as well as health promotion by the media and other industries.

Five action plans to achieve this was by implementing public health policies, supportive environments, community action, skills development, and health promotion by preventing illnesses.

If the overall well-being of society relies on economic growth and development, we need to continue to advocate for the promotion of health awareness and needed resources!