The Science Behind Health and Wellness

Naturally, when one becomes ill, we imagine they’ve been diagnosed with the illness by a medical practitioner based on the biological causes of the illness. Of course, the physician then treats the patient accordingly with a follow-up to ensure the patient is better.

Sociological Health and Wellness

According to a sociological health and illness perspective, this is where it is different. Sociologists analyze the rates of illnesses as a result of social backgrounds. This means social class, race, gender, and ethnicity are taken into account.


Understanding the importance of health is influenced by society and its cultures. The level of economic and government development in providing healthcare services is dependant on a society. Poor cultures in society receive poor health care and the same is said for richer cultures of society.

The Sociologists Theories

There are three theories which sociologists believe in; functional, conflict, and interactionist.


Fantastic health and adequate medicinal care play a large role in society’s functioning. However, poor health and medicinal care make for a very dysfunctional society.

Every single person in society has a role to play. For example, medical practitioners are trained to diagnose and treat patients accordingly. This includes following up in their treatment to ensure their recovery from any illness initially diagnosed.


This theory refers to the inequality of quality healthcare services. Once again, it falls down to the disadvantaged social backgrounds of class, race, gender, and ethnicity. Naturally, this causes conflict between people and medical professionals who are only in the business to make money other than seeing to the optimal care of an ill patient.


This is an approach which sums up societal stigma. Society only acknowledges disease and illness which they deem as normal and curable. Anything which cannot be cured, only medicinally managed, is considered to be a taboo subject. In other words, people with incurable diseases and illnesses are discriminated against by other members of society.

Sociologists do not base their results solely on social backgrounds. However, they continue to prove time and time again that social backgrounds play a pivotal role in the matter concerned.

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